LEARN SPANISH: A FREE BLOG SERIES #14 Irregular Spanish Verbs Conjugation – Made Simple(r!) // PHRASES YOU MIGHT NEED


Verbs Conjugation – Made Simple(r!)

Hola a todos,

I’m not going to lie, this week is going to be pretty difficult to get your head around. But, don’t let it put you off, because next week it’s going to turn fun again with vocabulary and phrases to use in a hotel. So, if we can power through this week, we’re back to fun times.

What is an irregular Spanish verb? I hear you cry. Well, they’re the verbs that do not follow the standard regular pattern. Why does there always have to be one? Or two. Or more…

Basically, there isn’t a rule you can follow. You just have to, well, know it. So, I’ve put some hours in and created this page that you can refer back to whenever you need it to find the right conjugation for the verb!

A Brief of Verb Tenses

There are five simple tenses, present, preterite, imperfect, conditional and future. Before we get further into it, let’s have a brief into what they actually are!

Present: Present tense is talking about an action that is happening now or reoccurs. For instance, “She sings a song” (Ella canta una canción).

Preterite: This an action performed in the past that has been completed. For example “Escribí un libro” which means “I wrote a book”.

Imperfect: This is used when an action was performed in the past but has not been completed. For example “I was eating when the doorbell rang” (Estaba comiendo cuando sonó el timbre).

Conditional: This tense is used when something may or may not happen or could have happened, but didn’t. For example, “I would play if I didn’t have so many things to do” (Jugaría si no tuviera tantas cosas que hacer).

Future: This tense is used for something that will happen. “I will go to the pool tomorrow” (Iré a la piscina mañana).

I’m going to keep it simpler and provide you with some sentences with the common irregular verbs that you’re most likely to use. To extend, you can use the chart should you wish to further your knowledge and create your own sentences, or use it as a brush-up, in case you’ve forgotten some of them!

Haber (to Have)

Phrases with ‘haber’ 
No, no he leído nada.No, I haven’t read anything.
Hay muchas playas.There are many beaches.
Ha habido un accidente.There has been an accident,
Me he lastimado ambas manosI have injured both hands.
Hay muchos hombres – There are a lot of men.
Me he perdido.I’m lost.
¿Hubo daños? – Were there any damages?
¿Hay algo vegetariano?Is there a vegetarian option?
¿Has aprendido estas palabras? –  Have you learned these words?
HABER Present Preterite Imperfect Conditional Future
yo he hube había habría habré
has hubiste habías habrías habrás
él/ella/Usted ha, hay hubo había habría habrá
nosotros hemos hubimos habíamos habríamos habremos
vosotros habéis hubisteis habíais habríais habréis
ellos/ellas/Ustedes han hubieron habían


Ser and Estar (to Be)

The ser and estar verbs are incredibly difficult but incredibly common.

Phrases with ‘Ser’

Soy vegetariano/aI’m a vegetarian. 
Eres ingles/aYou are English.
Es medianocheIt’s midnight.
El es guapo – He’s handsome
¿Quiénes son ellos?Who are they?
Yo quiero ser profesora. – I want to be a teacher.
Son las dos – It’s 2o’clock
Soy estudiante – I’m a student
Soy de Inglaterra – I’m from England
Somos amigos – We’re friends.
Es demasiado caro.That’s too expensive.

Phrases with ‘estar’ 

Ella está vivaShe is alive.
Estoy aquí I am here.
Está allí.It’s there.
No estamos de vacaciones.We aren’t on vacation.
Estaban muy enojados.They were very angry.
¿Estaba lloviendo?Was it raining?
¿Dónde está?  – Where is it?
Estoy feliz. – I am happy.
Estoy comiendo.  – I am eating.
Estamos tristes. – We are sad.
Estoy bailando. – I am dancing.
SER Present Preterite Imperfect Conditional Future
yo soy fui era sería seré
eres fuiste eras serías serás
él/ella/Usted es fue era sería será
nosotros somos fuimos éramos seríamos seremos
vosotros sois fuisteis erais seríais seréis
ellos/ellas/Ustedes son fueron eran serían serán


ESTAR Present Preterite Imperfect Conditional Future
yo estoy estuve estaba estaría estaré
estás estuviste estabas estarías estarás
él/ella/Usted está estuvo estaba estaría estará
nosotros estamos estuvimos estábamos estaríamos estaremos
vosotros estáis estuvisteis estabais estaríais estaréis
ellos/ellas/Ustedes  están estuvieron estaban estarían estarán

Hacer (to Do)

Phrases with ‘hacer’

No sé qué hacer.I don’t know what to do.
Hice mis deberes. – I did my homework.
Hace calorIt’s hot.
Hecho en China –  Made in China
Hacía frío. It was cold.

Hace vientoIt’s windy

Hacer las camasMake the beds
¿Qué tiempo hace?What’s the weather like?
Me haces feliz. – You make me happy
Va a hacer buen tiempo.It’s going to be good weather.
Hacer Present Preterite Imperfect Conditional Future
yo hago hice hacía haría haré
haces hiciste hacías harías harás
él/ella/Usted hace hizo hacía haría hará
nosotros hacemos hicimos hacíamos haríamos haremos
vosotros hacéis hicisteis hacíais haríais haréis
ellos/ellas/Ustedes hacen hicieron hacían

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Next week – 14th August 2018 – Vocabulary in a hotel! 

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Hasta luego,

This guide is a free blog series. This information has been picked up by practising speaking with locals in the Comunidad Valenciana area. Any resemblance to any book, guide or learning Spanish resources, is purely coincidental. This guide is not intended as a substitute for other resources or teaching. This guide does not guarantee fluency in Spanish.

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Hola! I'm Lauren ("Loh - run") — A twenty-something, engaged, English girl living on the Costa Blanca, obsessed with travel, love and elephants.

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