LEARN SPANISH: A FREE BLOG SERIES #21 // WORDS YOU DIDN’T KNOW YOU KNEW IN SPANISH

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Tuesday 2nd October 2018 – Day 2 of Blogtober

Hola a todos,

Wow doesn’t martes come around super quickly!? It’s that time again for your weekly dose of español, courtesy of Diary of a Spanglish Girl! This week, we’re doing cognates.

Cognates are great because it means you don’t have to learn anything! Yippee! You already know all of these words. You just don’t know, that you know all of these words!

As English speakers, we have a huge advantage when learning Spanish compared to somebody who doesn’t have the same alphabet structure. We have a long list of words that we already know. We can build up a huge vocabulary list without even trying!

What is a Cognate?

A cognate is a word that exists in different languages with the same root of origin. As Spanish and English are both from Latin, we have many words that are similar or the same.

Perfect Common Cognates in Spanish and English

I will only write these once because they are spelt exactly the same in both languages. Plus, you already know what they mean!

Actor

Animal

Brutal

Capital

Chocolate

Considerable

Decision

Director

Doctor

Familiar

Fatal

Hospital

Hotel

Idea

Kilo

Legal

Local

Mental

Menu

Metal

Miserable

Motel

Motor

Musical

Natural

Normal

Oral

Original

Particular

Patio

Pasta

Piano

Plural

Popular

Similar

Simple

Solo

Taxi

Terror

Total

Universal

Usual

Verbal

Visual

Vulnerable

There’s 45 words that you already knew! The only difference is how you pronounce them. But, in the middle of a sentence, you’ll know exactly what they mean when you’re reading.

Near Perfect Cognates in Spanish

In Spanish, there are a few rules that can help you read words that you didn’t know that you knew!

For example, words that end in ‘tion’ in English are converted to Spanish by replacing the suffix with “ción”.

Acción – Action

Colaboración – Collaboration

Colección – Collection

Compensación – Compensation

Ficción – Fiction

Nación – Nation

Even better, there’s another rule to help you automatically know even more words! For words that end in “ary” these are converted by replacing it with “ario”.

Aniversario – Anniversary

Diario – Diary

Salario – Salary

Vocabulario – Vocabulary

And that’s not it! There are even more words that you already know! The following adjectives in English that end in “ic” can be converted by replacing it with “ico”.

Académico – Academic

Básico – Basic

Clásico – Classic

Cómico – Comic

Dramático – Dramatic

Económico – Economic

Well, if you thought that was all, then you’d be wrong! The following rule is another one that can give you so many more words in Spanish. If the English adjective ends in “ous” it can be converted to Spanish by changing it to “oso”.

Curioso – Curious

Delicioso – Delicious

Numeroso – Numerous

Precioso – Precious

Religioso – Religious

Finally, there is one more rule to widen your vocabulary. Nouns ending in “ct” in English are converted to Spanish by replacing it with “cto”.

Acto – Act

Compacto – Compact

Contacto – Contact

Correcto – Correct

Exacto – Exact

Insecto – Insect

Perfecto – Perfect

There you have it, so many more words to get you speaking Spanish! These aren’t even all of them.

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If you enjoy my Spanish posts, please feel free to share, follow, like. I really do appreciate when you show your support!

As you can imagine, hours and hours worth of time and coffees and coffees are drank whilst creating these blog posts to help you learn Spanish, for free. This is entirely voluntary and you’re under no obligation to do so, but if you’d like to send me a real coffee, you can do so via the very secure Ko-Fi page which is powered through PayPal.

You can do so by following this link http://ko-fi.com/I2I7ARBN Thank you. x

Next week –  9th October, 2018 – Similarities Between Spanish and English
Last week –   25th September 2018 – False Friends (Words you THOUGHT you knew!)

Keep up to date with the Free Blog Series and have them straight to your inbox by adding your email address to the subscription box on the right-hand side, in a box that looks like this one!

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If you’re enjoying it, feel free to share the link to your social media pages below or send it to a friend. Language learning is fun together.

Hasta luego,

laurensignature-final
This guide is a free blog series. This information has been picked up by practising speaking with locals in the Comunidad Valenciana area. Any resemblance to any book, guide or learning Spanish resources, is purely coincidental. This guide is not intended as a substitute for other resources or teaching. This guide does not guarantee fluency in Spanish.
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Hola! I'm Lauren ("Loh - run") — A twenty-something, engaged, English girl living on the Costa Blanca, obsessed with travel, love and elephants.

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