Tuesday 2nd October 2018 – Day 2 of Blogtober
Hola a todos,
Wow doesn’t martes come around super quickly!? It’s that time again for your weekly dose of español, courtesy of Diary of a Spanglish Girl! This week, we’re doing cognates.
Cognates are great because it means you don’t have to learn anything! Yippee! You already know all of these words. You just don’t know, that you know all of these words!
As English speakers, we have a huge advantage when learning Spanish compared to somebody who doesn’t have the same alphabet structure. We have a long list of words that we already know. We can build up a huge vocabulary list without even trying!
What is a Cognate?
A cognate is a word that exists in different languages with the same root of origin. As Spanish and English are both from Latin, we have many words that are similar or the same.
Perfect Common Cognates in Spanish and English
I will only write these once because they are spelt exactly the same in both languages. Plus, you already know what they mean!
There’s 45 words that you already knew! The only difference is how you pronounce them. But, in the middle of a sentence, you’ll know exactly what they mean when you’re reading.
Near Perfect Cognates in Spanish
In Spanish, there are a few rules that can help you read words that you didn’t know that you knew!
For example, words that end in ‘tion’ in English are converted to Spanish by replacing the suffix with “ción”.
Acción – Action
Colaboración – Collaboration
Colección – Collection
Compensación – Compensation
Ficción – Fiction
Nación – Nation
Even better, there’s another rule to help you automatically know even more words! For words that end in “ary” these are converted by replacing it with “ario”.
Aniversario – Anniversary
Diario – Diary
Salario – Salary
Vocabulario – Vocabulary
And that’s not it! There are even more words that you already know! The following adjectives in English that end in “ic” can be converted by replacing it with “ico”.
Académico – Academic
Básico – Basic
Clásico – Classic
Cómico – Comic
Dramático – Dramatic
Económico – Economic
Well, if you thought that was all, then you’d be wrong! The following rule is another one that can give you so many more words in Spanish. If the English adjective ends in “ous” it can be converted to Spanish by changing it to “oso”.
Curioso – Curious
Delicioso – Delicious
Numeroso – Numerous
Precioso – Precious
Religioso – Religious
Finally, there is one more rule to widen your vocabulary. Nouns ending in “ct” in English are converted to Spanish by replacing it with “cto”.
Acto – Act
Compacto – Compact
Contacto – Contact
Correcto – Correct
Exacto – Exact
Insecto – Insect
Perfecto – Perfect
There you have it, so many more words to get you speaking Spanish! These aren’t even all of them.
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Next week – 9th October, 2018 – Similarities Between Spanish and English
Last week – 25th September 2018 – False Friends (Words you THOUGHT you knew!)
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