Tuesday 9th October 2018 – Day 9 of Blogtober
Hola a todos,
We’re at martes again!? It’s that time again for your weekly dose of Español, courtesy of Diary of a Spanglish Girl! This week, we’re talking about the similarities between English and Spanish. I bet you know more Spanish than you think!
As English speakers, we’re at such an advantage when it comes to learning Spanish, due to the similarities between the language. So, this week is less of the language vocab and more of the actual build up of the language.
1. The Letters
You can have a sigh of relief because just like we covered in one of the first ever in the series, the alphabet is very similar to the English one. That means not having to learn an entirely new set of symbols and sounds.
The Spanish and English alphabet is so similar, the only difference is Spanish has “ñ” in its alphabet making it 27 letters.
Just like we studied last week, you know a lot more Spanish than you thought thanks to cognates. Just don’t get caught out by the false friends. Give them another read if you’re unsure!
One of the best things I actually learnt at University was that the word order of Spanish sentences is pretty much the same as English. Except that an adjective comes after the noun instead of before, such as “una casa blanca“. Other than that, the sentences are built pretty much the same way!
But, in Spanish, the syntax is a lot looser in Spanish. Get it mixed up in English and it can sound bizarre, but in Spanish, you can say the same sentence in different orders and it is likely to still be correct.
Furthermore, in Spanish, when asking a question, there is no need to worry about extra words. Just alter your tone and voila!
For example, here are a couple of different ways to ask the same question in Spanish:
¿Habla ingles Luke? / ¿Habla Luke ingles? (Does Luke speak English?)
How nice and easy. To make things plural, you just add -s or -es to the end of words.
The only thing to remember is to pluralise the article too.
El becomes los, la becomes las, un becomes unos, una becomes unas.
Spanish capitalises many of the same words and uses most of the same punctuation to English.
Here are the capitalisation rules that are the same in English and Spanish:
- The first word of a sentence.
- Proper nouns (names of people, countries).
- Titles, but in most cases, it is just the first word.
And here are some instances when it is not:
- Languages, nationalities, religions.
- Days, months or seasons.
- Yo (I).
Here are the rules for when Spanish punctuation works the same:
- Full stops are placed at the end of a sentence.
- Commas are used within sentences.
And here are some instances when it is different:
- Question marks and exclamation points are placed at the beginning of a sentence and at the end.
- When using numbers, a full stop and comma are opposites. For example, 1,000 is 1.000 whereas 13.5 is 13,5,
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Next week – 16th October 2018 – Autumn Vocab
Last week – 2nd October 2018 – Cognates
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