LEARN SPANISH: A FREE BLOG SERIES #22 // Similarities Between Spanish and English

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Tuesday 9th October 2018 – Day 9 of Blogtober

Hola a todos,

We’re at martes again!? It’s that time again for your weekly dose of Español, courtesy of Diary of a Spanglish Girl! This week, we’re talking about the similarities between English and Spanish. I bet you know more Spanish than you think!

As English speakers, we’re at such an advantage when it comes to learning Spanish, due to the similarities between the language. So, this week is less of the language vocab and more of the actual build up of the language.

1. The Letters

You can have a sigh of relief because just like we covered in one of the first ever in the series, the alphabet is very similar to the English one. That means not having to learn an entirely new set of symbols and sounds.

The Spanish and English alphabet is so similar, the only difference is Spanish has “ñ” in its alphabet making it 27 letters.

2. Cognates

Just like we studied last week, you know a lot more Spanish than you thought thanks to cognates. Just don’t get caught out by the false friends. Give them another read if you’re unsure!

3. Syntax

One of the best things I actually learnt at University was that the word order of Spanish sentences is pretty much the same as English. Except that an adjective comes after the noun instead of before, such as “una casa blanca“. Other than that, the sentences are built pretty much the same way!

But, in Spanish, the syntax is a lot looser in Spanish. Get it mixed up in English and it can sound bizarre, but in Spanish, you can say the same sentence in different orders and it is likely to still be correct.

Furthermore, in Spanish, when asking a question, there is no need to worry about extra words. Just alter your tone and voila!

For example, here are a couple of different ways to ask the same question in Spanish:

¿Habla ingles Luke? / ¿Habla Luke ingles? (Does Luke speak English?)

4. Plurals

How nice and easy. To make things plural, you just add -s or -es to the end of words.

The only thing to remember is to pluralise the article too.

El becomes los, la becomes las, un becomes unos, una becomes unas.

5. Punctuation

Spanish capitalises many of the same words and uses most of the same punctuation to English.

Here are the capitalisation rules that are the same in English and Spanish:

  • The first word of a sentence.
  • Proper nouns (names of people, countries).
  • Titles, but in most cases, it is just the first word.

And here are some instances when it is not:

  • Languages, nationalities, religions.
  • Days, months or seasons.
  • Yo (I).

Here are the rules for when Spanish punctuation works the same:

  • Full stops are placed at the end of a sentence.
  • Commas are used within sentences.

And here are some instances when it is different:

  • Question marks and exclamation points are placed at the beginning of a sentence and at the end.
  • When using numbers, a full stop and comma are opposites. For example, 1,000 is 1.000 whereas 13.5 is 13,5,

If you enjoy my Spanish posts, please feel free to share, follow, like. I really do appreciate when you show your support!

As you can imagine, hours and hours worth of time and coffees and coffees are drank whilst creating these blog posts to help you learn Spanish, for free. This is entirely voluntary and you’re under no obligation to do so, but if you’d like to send me a real coffee, you can do so via the very secure Ko-Fi page which is powered through PayPal.

You can do so by following this link http://ko-fi.com/I2I7ARBN Thank you. x

Next week –  16th October 2018 – Autumn Vocab
Last week –   2nd October 2018 – Cognates

Keep up to date with the Free Blog Series and have them straight to your inbox by adding your email address to the subscription box on the right-hand side, in a box that looks like this one!

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If you’re enjoying it, feel free to share the link to your social media pages below or send it to a friend. Language learning is fun together.

Hasta luego,

laurensignature-final
This guide is a free blog series. This information has been picked up by practising speaking with locals in the Comunidad Valenciana area. Any resemblance to any book, guide or learning Spanish resources, is purely coincidental. This guide is not intended as a substitute for other resources or teaching. This guide does not guarantee fluency in Spanish.
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Hola! I'm Lauren ("Loh - run") — A twenty-something, engaged, English girl living on the Costa Blanca, obsessed with travel, love and elephants.

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